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What is Plasma?

 

Plasma is the liquid part of the blood (about 55%). Plasma consists of 91% water.

It contains over 120 different proteins that take on functions vital to life such as fighting infections or the clotting of blood to stop bleeding after an injury.

It is not possible to produce blood plasma by means of genetic technology. This is why many thousands of sick persons depend on the help of voluntary donors.

Areas of use

Proteins:

4 % clotting factors
60 % albumin
36 % globulins

Blood plasma is used and cannot be replaced by any other substance or product in surgery, emergency medicine and the treatment of many serious illnesses. Over 20 different proteins can be isolated for the production of pharmaceuticals. The properties of these proteins can be used in a medicinally targeted manner and they can be processed into pharmaceuticals that are essential for life.

The most important plasma components include:

Albumin is used for serious injuries, large-area burns, wasting cancer illnesses
(e.g. following chemo-therapies) and following a serious loss of blood.

Immunglobuline is used for the treatment of

  • life-threatening infections such as tetanus, rabies or meningitis resulting from a tick bite.
  • for people with primary immunodeficiency (pid). These can be  treated successfully with immunoglobuline preparations.
  • pregnancy complications. Different rhesus factors of father and mother can lead to pregnancy complications. A plasma preparation prevents a rhesus sensitivity occurring in the mother.

Fibrinogens are used above all for internal injuries and for local wound closure.
Torn sinews and nerve cords can also be bound together using fibrinogen adhesive in the neurosurgery area.

Clotting factors
Haemophiliacs are able to lead normal lives with these proteins that are responsible for the clotting of the blood (e.g. factor VIII). Treatment with these factor concentrates is, however, essential for these patients all their lives.

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